Different government agencies in Newfoundland and Labrador have already acknowledged that environmental pollution and climate change are major sources of concern and action must be taken to improve energy efficiency at industry level, in buildings, and within government operations. In fact, a number of activities have been already included in the Action Plan that aims to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and positively impact climate change.
The government has established a fund that offers support to individuals, environmental groups, institutions, and businesses with the goal of supporting green projects. Money comes in the form of provincial and federal assistance – $2 million provincial and $23 million federal assistance. With a combined assistance of $23 million for innovative projects, the Newfoundland and Labrador Green Fund operates in support of projects that help reduce harmful greenhouse gas emissions. The fund supports projects across sectors and spheres, including education, policy, and research, buildings, transportation, alternative energy and energy efficiency, waste management, and others. Funding has been granted to implement hundreds of projects and vary in amount – from $4,000 – $7,000 to $300,000 and higher. Some projects actually cost close to $1.
Issues, Strategies, and Measures
In addition to pollution and climate change, other issues of concern include endangered species and their habitats, declining populations, and biodiversity. The Department of Environment and Conservation is the body tasked with the management of parks, water, inland fish, and wildlife in the province as well the enforcement of acting legislation and measures toward wildlife protection. The department is also responsible for measures and initiatives in support of sustainable living and measures to slow down the pace of climate change. The department is responsible for wildlife reserves, habitat management, control over activities such as angling, trapping, and hunting, as well as season fees and dates, licenses and permits, and more. The Biodiversity Program under the Wildlife Division, for example, aims to maintain wildlife diversity and conserve natural heritage in the province. The main goals are the sustainable use of biological and other resources, biodiversity conservation, and improved awareness and understanding of ecosystems and biological resources. The Biodiversity Strategy includes many activities and projects in protected areas and parks as well as a sustainable planning strategy to contribute to environmental protection. There are also measures to protect wildlife habitats and identify areas and regions that are important for wildlife species. The Wildlife Division is tasked with collecting and analyzing various samples, including bear skulls, coyote carcasses, jawbones, and others. To goal is to gain better understanding of wildlife, migration patterns, etc. Important issues include zone boundaries, trapping and hunting seasons, human and animal conflict issues, quota allocation, and others. The agencies responsible for environmental issues like these welcome recommendations by both the general public and staff. They are also involved in tasks such as relative abundance and population estimates, hunter trends, biological component trends, monitoring populations, and many others. Data is often collected based on trapper and hunter returns.